Average annual earnings: $111,640Job description: They perform eye exams and make just a fraction as much as some medical professionals. For comparison, the average physician earns $191,880 a year, and dentists, who undergo a similar amount of training, earn $168,870.
Educational requirements: A bachelor's degree is required, followed by a four-year stint in optometry school to earn an O.D. A residency sometimes follows that for those who want to pursue a particular specialty.
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Average annual earnings: $93,960Job description: These are engineers who work on building solutions for problems in biology and medicine.
Educational requirements: There are some undergraduate programs that offer degrees in biomedical or biomechanical engineering, but others get a more general engineering degree and a master's focusing on biomedical applications.
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Average annual earnings: $77,740Job description: Chemists study the properties, structures, and reactions of substances, and develop new products or processes for making them.
Educational requirements: A bachelor's is the minimum, but research jobs require a master's or Ph.D.
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